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Muhammad and the Origin of Islam in the Byzantine-Slavic Literary Context

Opis produktu

The presented publication is a type of bibliographic dictionary, compiled by an interdisciplinary team of authors (Byzantynists and Paleoslavists), containing an overview of medieval texts referring to the person of Muhammad, the Arabs, and the circumstances of the birth of Islam, which were known in the Slavia Orthodoxa area (especially in its eastern part, i.e. in Rus’). Therefore, it presents the works written in the Church Slavic language between the 9th and the mid-16th centuries. As the Old Rus’ discourse on Islam was shaped under the overwhelming influence of Byzantine literature, the majority of the presented sources are Byzantine texts from the 6th–14th centuries, translated into the literary language of the Orthodox Slavs. The reader will also find here a discussion on several relics, originally created in other languages of the Christian East (Syriac, Arabic) and the West (Latin), which – through the Greek – were assimilated on the Slavic ground.

This book aims to fill a gap in previous studies on inter-religious polemics in the Middle Ages, which has usually focused on Christian-Muslim cultural relations, analyzing Greek and Latin texts or the works written in one of the Middle Eastern languages, almost completely ignoring the Church Slavic heritage. It is worth noting that a number of the texts presented here (as well as Slavic translations of Byzantine sources) have not been published so far. The information on them, provided in this monograph, is therefore the result of research conducted directly on the manuscript material.

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This publication represents a very high professional level. It is a unique, pioneering achievement that raises the level of knowledge about the reception of Old Rus’ literature until the mid-16th century in the context of what had been written about the prophet Muhammad and the birth of Islam in the 7th century. The discourse is very specific, consistent, diligent, meticulous, yet not “verbose”. The analysis of the cited literature clearly shows that the state of research on individual works is well known to the authors and that this review includes the most recent findings.

Prof. Zdzisiaw Pentek
Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan

Komentarze

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

List of Abbreviations 7

I. Ammonius, Relatio on the Slaughter of the Monks of Sinai and Rhaithou Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 9
II. John Malalas, Chronicle Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 17
III. The Lives of St. Symeon Stylites the Younger Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 24
IV. John Moschus, The Spiritual Meadow Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 40
V. Doctrina Iacobi Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 51
VI. Sophronius of Jerusalem, Synodical Letter Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 59
VII. The Quran Zofia A. Brzozowska, Mirosław J. Leszka 66
VIII. The Martyrdom of St. Arethas Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 71
IX. The Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 83
X. Anastasius of Sinai, Questions and Answers Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 105
XI. John of Damascus, On Heresies Zofia A. Brzozowska, Mirosław J. Leszka 114
XII. Michael Syncellus, Unknown refutation of Islam Zofia A. Brzozowska, Mirosław J. Leszka 124
XIII. Disputation between a Christian and a Saracen Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 132
XIV. Theophanes, Chronographia Zofia A. Brzozowska, Mirosław J. Leszka 139
XV. Nicephorus, the patriarch of Constantinople, Concise Chronography Zofia A. Brzozowska, Mirosław J. Leszka 145
XVI. The Life of St. John of Damascus Zofia A. Brzozowska, Mirosław J. Leszka 151
XVII. The Apocalypse of Daniel Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 156
XVIII. Gregory Decapolite, The Historical Sermon About a Vision Which a Saracen Once Had Zofia A. Brzozowska, Mirosław J. Leszka 177
XIX. The Formula of Abjuration of Islam Zofia A. Brzozowska, Mirosław J. Leszka 183
XX. George the Monk (Hamartolus), Chronicle Zofia A. Brzozowska, Mirosław J. Leszka 190
XXI. The Life of St. Constantine-Cyril (the Philosopher) Zofia A. Brzozowska, Mirosław J. Leszka 198
XXII. The Life of St. Gregentius, archbishop of the Himyarites (St. Gregory of Taphar) Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 204
XXIII. The Life of St. Basil the Younger Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 213
XXIV. Nicephorus, The Life of St. Andrew the Fool (Salos) Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 225
XXV. Symeon Magister and Logothete, Chronicle Zofia A. Brzozowska, Mirosław J. Leszka 240
XXVI. John Zonaras, Epitome historiarum Zofia A. Brzozowska, Mirosław J. Leszka 246
XXVII. Constantine Manasses, Chronicle Zofia A. Brzozowska, Mirosław J. Leszka 253
XXVIII. The Life of St. Theodore of Edessa Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 259
XXIX. The Story of How Prince Vladimir Chose the Religion Zofia A. Brzozowska 272
XXX. Euthymius Zigabenus, Panoplia Dogmatica Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 281
XXXI. Riccoldo da Monte Croce, Contra legem Sarracenorum Zofia A. Brzozowska, Teresa Wolińska 289
XXXII. The Sermon on Idols Zofia A. Brzozowska 302
XXXIII. Palaea Interpretata Zofia A. Brzozowska 306
XXXIV. John VI Cantacuzene, Four Apologies, Four Orations against Muhammad Zofia A. Brzozowska, Mirosław J. Leszka 312
XXXV. On Bohmit the Heretic Zofia A. Brzozowska 317
XXXVI. The Tale of the Rout of Mamai Zofia A. Brzozowska 326
XXXVII. Afanasy Nikitin, The Journey Beyond Three Seas Zofia A. Brzozowska 333
XXXVIII. The Tale of the Shameful Saracen Faith Zofia A. Brzozowska 342
XXXIX. Maximus the Greek (Michael Trivolis) Zofia A. Brzozowska 347

Indices 359
1. Index of People 359
2. Index of Ethnic and Geographic Names 371

Abstract 377

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