Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Biologica et Oecologica


Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Biologica et Oecologica

Redaktor naczelny:
prof. Anna Janaszewska

Folia Biologica et Oecologica is a journal issued by the Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection of the University of Lodz. Since 2012 Folia Biologica et Oecologica has been published by an international editorial office exclusively online in an open access scientific content formula, Sciendo, that guarantees wider distribution as well as easy access to its articles.

Folia Biologica et Oecologica publishes original and innovative research papers on all aspects of biology and ecology especially in the field of zoology, hydrobiology, botany, microbiology, biochemistry, biophysics, physiology, behaviour, and evolutionary biology.  Folia Biologica et Oecologica publishes standard papers but also longer papers such as review articles that sum up the current state of the research on a particular and important topic. Manuscripts should be written in English and conform to the guidelines below. Authors whose first language is not English may count on our assistance in getting their papers ready for publication; however, meticulous proofreading and editing is expected before the submission of manuscripts. After the manuscript has been preliminarily accepted by the editorial committee, it will be forwarded to referees for peer review. Manuscripts will be published six months from the time of preliminary acceptance.


All articles are available in Open Access CC BY-NC-ND

Amount of research and review articles which were published last year: 5

Publisher: Lodz University Press


 Current issue Archive




Editorial Board
  • Editorial Assistant dr Piotr Jóźwiak – Uniwersytet Łódzki (University of Łódź), Poland – e-mail:
Editorial Advisory Board
  • Josep Cladera – Uniwersytet Autonomiczny w Barcelonie (Autonomous University of Barcelona), Spain
  • Andrea Danani – SUPSI-iCIMSI, Manno, Switzerland
  • Jerzy Długoński – Uniwersytet Łódzki (University of Łódź), Poland
  • Günther B. Hartl  – Uniwersytet Christiana Albrechtsa, Kilonia, (University of Kiel), Germany
  • Jacek Herbich – Uniwersytet Gdański (University of Gdańsk), Poland
  • Vladimir Ivanov – Petersburski Uniwersytet Państwowy (Saint Petersburg State University), Russia
  • Adam Jaworski  – Uniwersytet Łódzki (University of Łódź), Poland
  • Wiesław Kaca  –  Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach (Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce), Poland
  • Barbara Klajnert – Uniwersytet Łódzki (University of Łódź), Poland
  • Wanda Krajewska – Uniwersytet Łódzki (University of Łódź), Poland
  • Janusz Markowski – Uniwersytet Łódzki (University of Łódź), Poland
  • Janusz Maszewski  – Uniwersytet Łódzki (University of Łódź), Poland
  • Jurga Matiejunaite – Uniwersytet Wileński (University of Vilnius), Lithuania
  • Romuald Olaczek  – Uniwersytet Łódzki (University of Łódź), Poland
  • Francesca Ottaviani – Uniwersytet w Urbino (University of Urbino), Italy
  • Andrzej Piechocki – Uniwersytet Łódzki (University of Łódź), Poland
  • Dzmitry Shcharbin – Narodowa Akademia Nauk Białorusi (National Academy of Sciences of Belarus), Minsk, Belarus
  • Jacek Siciński – Uniwersytet Łódzki (University of Łódź), Poland
  • Barbara Wachowicz  – Uniwersytet Łódzki (University of Łódź), Poland
  • Joanna Żelazna-Wieczorek – Uniwersytet Łódzki (University of Łódź), Poland



Author fees

This journal charges the following author fees.

Article Submission: 0.00 (PLN)
The journal does not charge for submission of the manuscript.

Article Publication: 0.00 (PLN)
The journal does not charge for processing or publication of the manuscript.



The review process is arranged by a double-blind system. Every text is subject to at least two reviews.  Journals of University of Lodz are publishing scientific articles only after double-blind review, language and technical edition. We do not share our articles in pre-publication.


Guide for authors

Preparation of manuscripts

General. All papers must be in English.

Use as little formatting as possible (Avoid the use of parenthetical comments and italics or bold for emphasis.).

Use a 12-point font (preferably Times New Roman or Arial). Separate paragraphs with a blank line. Avoid footnotes in the body text of the manuscript.


Set the page to obtain 30 lines per page. The text should be 1.5 spaced. All decimal fractions are indicated by the period (e.g. 1.5).


Title page: This should include the title, list of authors names, institute or laboratory of origin, name, postal address and email address of the author to whom proofs should be sent, an abbreviated title for use as a running headline and three-five keywords, which should be relevant for literature searching and each normally comprising not more than two words.


Title: The title should be in a sentence case (only scientific, geographic or person names should be with a first capital letter, i.e. Elater ferrugineus L., Germany, etc.)

For example:


The basis of life history plasticity in the tropical butterfly Hypolimnas bolina (L.) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae).


The name(s) of all authors of the paper must be given and should be typed using capital letters (e.g. Adam Smith, Brian Smith & Carol Smith). E-mail address(es) should be provided but only for corresponding author.

The abstract should be concise and informative (approximately 100-200 words). The abstract should be followed by a list of keywords that are not present in the title (3 – 5 words).

The arrangement of the main text varies with different types of papers but should usually start with an introduction and end with a list of references. The body text should be subdivided into different sections with appropriate headings. Where possible, the following standard headings should be used: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion.

Conclusions, Acknowledgements, References. These headings need to be on a separate line and start with a first capital letter. Please do not number headings or subheadings.

References should be cited in the text as Smith (1999), Smith & Smith (2000) or Smith et al. 2001(3 or more authors), or alternatively in a parenthesis (Smith 1999, Smith & Smith 2000, Smith et al. 2001). All literature cited in the text must be listed in the references in the following format

The titles of journals should not be abbreviated. Unpublished material, except for PhD theses and “accepted papers”, should not be included among the references, but should be cited as ‚C. Smith, unpubl. data’ or ‚C. Smith, in press’ in the text.

A) Journal paper:

Wright, J.F., Gunn, R.J.M., Winder, J.M., Blackburn, J.H. & Wiggers R. 2001. The response of chalk stream invertebrates to a prolonged drought: the value of a long-term dataset. Verhandlungen der Internationalen Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, 27: 912–915.

Accepted Papers:
Same as above, but ”in press” appears instead the year in parentheses.

B) Book chapter:

Sargent, R.C. & Gross, M.R. 1993. William’s principle: an explanation of parental care in teleost fishes. In: Pitcher T.J. (ed.), Behaviour of Teleost Fishes, 2nd edn, pp. 333–361. Chapman & Hall, London.

C) Book:

Shuster, S.M. & Wade, M.J. 2003. Mating Systems and Strategies. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

D) Internet resources

Snowarski, M. 2014. Atlas grzybów Polski (Mushrooms and Fungi of Poland). Available from:

E) Dissertations

Thoms M.C. 1987. Channel sedimentation within urban gravel-bed rivers. PhD thesis. University of Technology, Loughborough, UK.

On the use of dashes:  (1) Hyphens are used to link words such as personal names, some prefixes and compound adjectives. (2) En-dash or en-rule is used to link spans. In the context of our journal that means numerals mainly, most frequently sizes, dates and page numbers (e.g. 1977–1981; figs 5–7).

All figures should be referenced consecutively in the manuscript; legends should be listed consecutively immediately after the References. For each figure, the following information should be provided: Figure number (in sequence, using Arabic numerals − i.e. Figure 1, 2, 3, etc.); short title of the figure; detailed legend. Small illustrations should be grouped into plates.

The illustration should be prepared as JPG or TIFF (please use LZW compression) files with at least a resolution of 300dpi.

Tables, if any, should be given at the end of the manuscript. Please use the table function in your word processor to build tables so that the cells, rows, and columns can remain aligned when font size and width of the table are changed. Please do not use Tab key or space bar to type tables.

Please follow the above basic guidelines and check if your manuscript has been prepared according to the style and format of the journal.
When you submit your manuscript to the editor, it will be more expedient to the review process if you offer the names of four potential reviewers with their complete postal and email addresses. It is also  important to include the following statements in your cover letter:

All authors agree to its submission and the Corresponding author has been authorized by co-authors; 2) This Article has not been published before and is not concurrently being considered for publication elsewhere); 3) This Article does not violate any copyright or other personal proprietary  right of any person or entity and it contains no abusive, defamatory, obscene or fraudulent statements, nor any other statements that are unlawful  in any way.

In submitting the final version of the revised manuscript to editors, authors are asked to provide the information about the running title (to be used in the footer).

The authors need to complete and return an Assignment of Copyright form when the paper is accepted for publication.



Author Responsibilities

Reporting standards: authors reporting results of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data should be represented accurately in the manuscript. The paper should contain sufficient details and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable.


Originality and Plagiarism: authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if they have used the work and/or words of others, they should ensure that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.


Multiple, redundant or concurrent publications: in general, authors should not publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Parallel submission of the same manuscript to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.


Acknowledgment of sources: appropriate acknowledgment of the work of others must be given at all times. Authors should also cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.


Authorship of the manuscript: authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be named in the “Acknowledgements” section.


The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors (according to the above definition) and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the author’s list of the manuscript and that all co-authors have seen and approved of the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.


Hazards and human or animal subjects: if the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, they must clearly identify these in the manuscript.


Disclosure and conflicts of interest: it takes place when the author has a financial, commercial, legal, or professional relationship with other organizations which could influence his research. This is why all authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or their interpretation in the manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.


Fundamental errors in published works: when the discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal’s editor or publisher and cooperate with them in order to either retract the paper or to publish an appropriate erratum.



Editor Responsibilities

Accountability: the editor of a peer-reviewed journal is responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the journal should be published, and, moreover, is accountable for everything published in the journal. In making these decisions, the editor may be guided by the policies of the journal’s editorial board as well as by legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers when making publication decisions. The editor should maintain the integrity of the academic record, preclude business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards (e.g. ethical conduct of research using animals and human subjects, publication on vulnerable populations or groups of people), and always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed.


Fairness: the editor should evaluate manuscripts for intellectual content without regard to the race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the author(s). The editor will not disclose any information about a manuscript under consideration to anyone other than the author(s), reviewers and potential reviewers, and in some instances the editorial board members, as appropriate.


Confidentiality: the editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.


Complaints and appeals: The publishing contacts (whistleblowers) are requested to help the editor to record and document the claim (e.g. data manipulation or fabrication, text recycling, plagiarism, research misconduct).  The report should include:

– specific information about the case (who, what, when, where, why),

– in case of plagiarism and text recycling, details should be given about the relevant texts/articles.



Disclosure, conflicts of interest, and other issues: the editor shall be guided by COPE’s Guidelines for Retracting Articles when considering retracting, issuing expressions of concern about, and issuing corrections pertaining to articles that have been published.


Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor’s own research without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage.


The editor is committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions.


The editor should seek to ensure a fair and appropriate peer review process. Editors should recuse themselves (i.e. should ask a co-editor, associate editor or another member of the editorial board instead to review and consider the manuscript) from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or (possibly) institutions connected to the papers. Editors should require all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests and publish corrections if competing interests are revealed after publication. If needed, other appropriate action should be taken, such as the publication of a retraction or expression of concern.


Involvement and cooperation in investigations: Editors should guard the integrity of the published record by issuing corrections and retractions when needed and pursuing suspected or alleged research and publication misconduct. Editors should also pursue reviewer and editorial misconduct. An editor should take reasonably responsive measures when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper.

Editors encourage readers to send by e-mail their opinions related to the material published. Editors are open to post-publication discussion.

Editors and editorial team members are excluded from publication decisions when they are authors or have contributed to a manuscript.


Reviewer Responsibilities

Contribution to editorial decisions: peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and, through editorial communication with the author, may also assist the author in improving the manuscript.


Promptness: any invited reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its timely review will be impossible should immediately notify the editor so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.


Confidentiality: any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except if authorized by the editor.


Standards of objectivity: reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is unacceptable. Referees should express their views clearly with appropriate supporting arguments.


Acknowledgment of sources: reviewers should identify any relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument was previously reported should be accompanied by a relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor’s attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published data of which they have personal knowledge.


Disclosure and conflict of interest: privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider evaluating manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the submission.


Publisher responsibilities

Complaints and appeals: The Publisher is obliged to collect and share with journal editors all complains and appeals against the journal, its staff, editorial board and the Publishing Company itself. The company is also obliged to inform COPE when there is any violation of Publication Ethics and any other regulations applicable in Lodz University Press.


  • AGRICOLA (National Agricultural Library)
  • AGRO
  • Arianta
  • Baidu Scholar
  • CABI (over 50 subsections)
  • CNKI Scholar (China National Knowledge Infrastructure)
  • CNPIEC – cnpLINKer
  • Dimensions
  • EBSCO (relevant databases)
  • EBSCO Discovery Service
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • Google Scholar
  • Index Copernicus
  • Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)
  • J-Gate
  • JournalGuide
  • JournalTOCs
  • KESLI-NDSL (Korean National Discovery for Science Leaders)
  • Meta
  • Microsoft Academic
  • Naviga (Softweco)
  • Primo Central (ExLibris)
  • ProQuest (relevant databases)
  • Publons
  • ReadCube
  • Sherpa/RoMEO
  • Summon (Serials Solutions/ProQuest)
  • TDNet
  • Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory/ulrichsweb
  • WanFang Data
  • WorldCat (OCLC)


Uniwersytet Łódzki
Zakład Dydaktyki Biologii i Badania Różnorodności Biologicznej
ul. Banacha 1/3
90-237 Łódź
tel. (42) 635 45 40

prof. Anna Janaszewska